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Many activities can lead to soft-tissue damage of muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The result can be pain, swelling, bruising, and damage.
Soft-tissue injuries are classified as the following:
Athletes and non-athletes share many similar soft-tissue injuries.
A contusion (bruise) is an injury to the soft tissue often produced by a blunt force such as a kick, fall, or blow. The result will be pain, swelling, and discoloration. Treatment for contusions includes Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (R.I.C.E.). More serious contusions may need to be examined by a physician.
A sprain is an injury to a ligament and is often caused by a wrench or twist. Sprains often affect the ankles, knees, or wrists. The treatment for a sprain includes Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (R.I.C.E.). If the ligament is torn, surgical repair may be necessary.
A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon, and is often caused by overuse, force, or stretching. The treatment for a strain is Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (R.I.C.E). If a tear in the muscle occurs, surgical repair may be necessary
Major Types of Injuries in Competitive Athletes
In competitive sports, athletes are estimated to be 10 times more likely to have a serious knee injury than in other organized sporting athletes. In most of these competitive sports, knee injuries account for approximately a quarter of the injuries and often take the longest time of any injury to recover from. Over the last 15 years, ankle sprains have decreased by 86% and tibia fractures by 88%, but knee ligament injuries have increased by 172%. The most common types of knee injuries include various ligament and tendon sprains and tears, meniscal tears, and dislocated knee-caps. Each injury varies in its respective therapy and effect on athlete's ability to compete in the future.
If you can play ; play.
If you can't play ; rest and rehab.
If you can't rehab ; consider surgery.
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